Computer-Aided Detection of Ground Glass Nodules in Thoracic CT images using Shape, Intensity and Context Features
C. Jacobs, C. Sánchez, S. Saur, T. Twellmann, P. de Jong and B. van Ginneken
Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention 2011;6893:207-214.
Ground glass nodules (GGNs) occur less frequent in computed tomography (CT) scans than solid nodules but have a much higher chance of being malignant. Accurate detection of these nodules is therefore highly important. A complete system for computer-aided detection of GGNs is presented consisting of initial segmentation steps, candidate detection, feature extraction and a two-stage classification process. A rich set of intensity, shape and context features is constructed to describe the appearance of GGN candidates. We apply a two-stage classification approach using a linear discriminant classifier and a GentleBoost classifier to efficiently classify candidate regions. The system is trained and independently tested on 140 scans that contained one or more GGNs from around 10,000 scans obtained in a lung cancer screening trial. The system shows a high sensitivity of 73% at only one false positive per scan.